Why is dry cleaning called dry cleaning?
Have you ever wondered how it can be at all possible to clean fabrics without the use of water? Here we explain how dry can be dry and still mean clean. Why not stop by our KSM dry Cleaners Doncaster for a chat.
What you need to know – only the facts
Dry cleaning offers the opportunity to get your clothes stain-free, smell-free, and critter-free – without the use of water. We are all happy with traditional laundering services – with the use of water to clean and air to dry. Have you ever wondered how it is even possible to clean something and keep it dry? Here we explain how dry cleaning actually works.
The dry-cleaning machine looks quite similar to the standard washing machine. There are also elements of a traditional clothes dryer too. There is an extraction chamber which is known as the basket or drum, depending on the style of machine. There is an outer shell that rotates, and within this chamber, there is a solvent that cleans the clothes. This a liquid solvent, so the shock is that the dry cleaning is not actually dry. The solvent is passed through the chamber several times, and in between, it is filtered. The clothes are then dried at an extremely high heat, which evaporates the solvents remaining in the fabric.
So, what is the difference between dry cleaning and regular laundering? The answer is the absence of water from the cylinder. There is no water and laundering soap. The chemical cleaning is done entirely with the use of a solvent.
Dry cleaning cannot guarantee that all stains and smells will be removed. So, your mind has already been blown by the fact that the process is not that dry really – now we tell you that it does not have superpowers to remove all known stains. The truth to the success of dry cleaning is in your ever-dedicated dry cleaner. It is the pre-check and stain removal and then the post-check, which makes sure that all the stains are removed. The actual cleaning with the solvent in the middle merely means that delicate items are not spun around manically and soaked in water, which could cause irreversible shrinking and colour loss.
Lots of chemicals can be used to remove the need for water. The most common solvent is PCE – which offers a decent level of performance and is recyclable. There are also hydrocarbons, which sounds like water but is still a solvent but one that people believe provides less risk of colour bleeding, as it is less aggressive. However, if working on tougher stains or clothes like overalls, then the chemical might be trichloroethylene. This is rarely used, as is quite aggressive and can be damaging to the health of humans who encounter it. Another alternative is supercritical Co2. This is non-toxic and relatively mild. However, the machines that use this solvent are expensive. This is why PCE continues to be the mainstream chemical used.
Now you have heard more about our service, why not visit us at KSM Dry Cleaners Ltd, 24-26 Mill Street, Doncaster, DN3 3DL? We would be happy to answer any other questions and offer a no-obligation quotation. Why not give our free pick up and delivery service a try today by ordering online here?